THE RISE AND EFFECTS OF COMMUNISM IN KOREA

EVOLUTION OF HAN'GUL

The Korean language is acknowledge as a member of the Altaic family and is related to other tongues such as Mongolian, Japanese and Turkish. The Unification of Linguistics of Korean Peninsula followed the political unification in 7th century. Today, the dialect is comparatively far more different than of the other tongues.Korean phonetic alphabet is known as Hanfgul (which means Chosol Muntcha). It was created by the great King Sejong in 1443. Originally, it consisted of 14 consonants and 10 vowels and because of the evolvement of language, 5 consonants and 11 vowels has been added in the next years.Before the invention of Hanfgul, the Koreans wrote in Chinese until the 20th century. But with the beginning of Japanese colonialism in 1910, Japanese became their official language and Korean was forbidden to be used.In 1949, Hanfgul is the only alphabet used by the DPRK for writing. They have studied the language comprehensively publishing comprehensive dictionaries in years 1963 and 1969. In 1964, there was purification of Korean language by replacing the borrowed English and Japanese words with native Korean or Chinese terms. The traditional language is used and has been sanctioned by the government. But still, some mandarin, Russian and Chinese Dialects are spoken in boarder areas of Korea.

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